Silk has been in human use for past thousands of years. Ancient civilizations such as The Indus Valley Civilization knew much about it. The Indus Valley Civilization was present on Earth as early as 2500 BC. Silk is a natural protein fiber just like our hairs. It is usually used from silkworms that are kept in captivity. There are many other insects that also produce silk, but the one from this particular insect is only used for textile purposes. China is the largest producer of silk in the world followed by India. Particular, Indian chiffon sarees are very famous throughout India. In past, silk thought to be a product of elites. Today, there are many types of silk available in the world. A brief introduction of these types is given below:
This silk is at the top of the table. It is immensely popular throughout the world. In India and Nepal, Chiffon sarees are purchased and worn by elite ladies where it is a symbol for status. It is the lightest of all the other silk types available in the market and also the most see-through as well. Some kind of backing is required to use this type. Chiffon scarves are also famous among the ladies who use them for covering their heads.
It is a sheer, plain-weave and lightweight fabric. Its other name is habutai or habotai silk. It is relatively less expensive than chiffon that is considered to be the most expensive of the all. It weighs between 5 mm and 12 mm. This type of silk is not recommended for ready-made garments as it cannot sustain stress.
Crepe de Chine:
This type is made by twisting some fibers clockwise and others anti-clockwise. Using a plain-weave fabric, these fibers are woven together. The result of this weaving is a pebbly look that creates a shiny luster. In this type, both sides of clothe look same.
It is also known as common silk. This is the most common type of silk used. It is considered best for blouses, lingerie’s and scarves.
Jacquard silk is a heavy-weight silk that offers various woven patterns. It is originally created in one color; however, some matte and reflective threads are used during the production that creates dramatic results in the fabric. With these threads, dark and lights effects are produced in the fabric. It is best for making Glass and Cell Phone Cases.
This type contains bright colors and is considered best for making evening gowns and semi-fitted vests.
This type is not as elegant and royal as others. It is because it is produced from short fibers that are often left after combing and carding. It does not produce a shine for which the silk is known.
Any silk fabric without sericin is known as raw silk. Sericin is the natural gum that protects the silk fiber from odors and dirt.